Language study 1 standard 8th

Language study 1 standard 8th

Auxiliary Verbs

 Verbs that help to form tenses, moods and voices are called Auxiliary (helping) 
verbs. For example : be, can, may, will, etc.
 The three most common Auxiliary verbs, which can stand alone in a sentence are 
forms of ‘be’, ‘do’ and ‘have’. They are called Primary Auxiliaries.
 For example : She is a student of Class 8.
 He does his work well.
 I have a cold.
 Forms of ‘Be’ : am, is, are, was, were, will / shall be
 Forms of ‘Do’ : do, does, did
 Forms of ‘Have’ : have, has, had
 There are other Auxiliary verbs which do not stand alone in a sentence.
 They accompany Main (Action) verb.
 These are called Modal Auxiliary Verbs (Modals)
 They are : can, could, shall, should, will, would, must, may, might, need, ought to
 For example : He can work hard.
 He will work hard.
 He must work hard.


 Underline the Auxiliary Verbs in the following sentences.
 (1) We have a holiday tomorrow.
 (2) Reena is injured badly.
 (3) You must wear clean clothes.
 (4) She should talk politely.
 (5) They did not help me.
 (6) A big thorn had pierced the lion’s toe.
 (7) The lion was caged.
 (8) Androcles did not like his master.
 (9) They could not leave him.
 (10) He would no longer be a slave.
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 (11) The slaves were forced to work.
 (12) We should show kindness to animals.

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