6. Infancy : Physical and Motor Development

6. Infancy : Physical and Motor Development

Q. 1 . Select and w r ite the most appr opr ite 
w or d fr om the gi ven alter natives.
1. A t the end of 2 years the weight of an 
infant is ……..…. times more than the 
birth weight.
 a) 2 b) 4 
c) 8
2. The head of an infant is ……..…. the size 
of their body length.
 a) 1/ 4 b) 3/ 4 
c) 2/ 3 
3. The process of hardening of the bones is 
called ……..….
a) synapse b) ossification
c) cartilage
4. A n average infant has ……..…. teeth by 
the age of one year.
 a) 4- 6 b) 16 
c) 20
Exer cises
5. The jump of a message across a tiny 
space from one neuron to another is called 
……..….
a) myelination b) synapse
c) ossification
6. ……..…. skills refer to the movements of 
the finger and eyehand coordination.
a) Fine motor b) Gross motor
c) mental
Q. 2. Wr ite w hether the follow ing statements 
ar e Tr u e or False.
1. The rate of physical development is rapid 
during infancy.
2. Skeletal development takes place very 
slowly in infancy.
3. The infant’s skeleton is mainly made up of 
cartilage.
4. By the end of 2 years babies have 16 teeth.
Q. 3. Match the pair s.
 A                                                      B
1. Infancy                            a. 20 temporary teeth
2. Two and half years        b. Drawing ,painting
3. 15 months of age            c. A ge of radical adjustment
4. Gross motor skills             d. Can walk alone
5. Fine motor skills                e. Crawling, jumping
                                                   f. A ge of relaxation

Q. 4. Define the terms.
1. Synapse
2. Gross motor skills
3. Motor development 
4. Glial cells
5. Physical development

Q. 5. By considering first correlation complete the second correlation
1. Neonatal period : Birth to 15 days : : Toddlerhood : 
2. 6 t o 7 months : 1st tooth : : 2 year : 

Q. 6. Rear r ange the seq u ence of motor development in ser ial or der .
 A rms and hands, Head region, Legs and feet, Trunk region

Q. 7. Fill in the b oxes w ith the help of the gi ven clu e.
1) Process of hardening of the bones.
 s c n
2) The infant’s skeleton is mainly made up of 
 c i e
3) Gap between two neuron
 Y P 

Summary

Q. 8. Shor t Notes
1. Seque nce of motor development
2. Teeth development 
3. Skeletal development 
4. Body proportions during infancy

Q. 9. Answ er in detail. 
1. What is Infancy? Explain the Physical 
development in infancy.
2. Explain motor development during 
infancy.

Project / Self Study

• Observe the Todlers in your residential area and measure their height, weight and teeth. 
Enter the data in a chart.


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1 Comments

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