Song of the open road Brainstorming | Song of the open road questions and answers

Song of the Open Road Brainstorming standard 12 | Song of the open road questions and answers



(A1) (i) Pick out the lines showing that the poet is prepared to enjoy every moment of his journey.

Answer:

1.Healthy, free, the world before me,


2.A foot and light-hearted I take to the open road


3.Henceforth I ask not good-fortune, I myself am good-fortune,

4.The long brown path before me leading wherever I choose. 


5.Henceforth I whimper no more, postpone no more, need nothing,

6.Strong and content I travel the open road.


(ii) By ‘old delicious burdens’ the poet means-

 (a) the luggage

 (b) the food he carries

 (c) the stress he bears during the travels

 (d) sweet memories of the past

Answer:

(d) sweet memories of the past


(iii) The poet is a person who is free from all inhibitions. Discuss how the

concept of ‘freedom’ is expressed in the poem.

Answer: 

Inhibitions- prohibition or forbidden

The poet strongly believes in true freedom. He thinks that there is nothing to deny him to do his job. He is already prepared for his journey, even his inner doubts can't restrict him. He is mentally and physically fit for facing any difficulties that come across his way. He is free to choose his own path. He considers the world is full of democracy. Everyone has right to choose or freedom to fulfill their dreams. He doesn't believe in good fortune. He is confident about starting his journey.


(A2) (i) Following are the activities of the poet related to his journey on the road. 

Divide them into two parts as ‘activities the poet will practice’ and 

‘activities he will not practice’.

(a) Walking along the road though he does not know where it reaches

(b) Complaining about the discomforts during the journey

(c) Postponing the journey

(d) Praying for good fortune

(e) Carrying the fond memories of the good people

(f) Creating contacts with famous and influential people

(g) Striving to achieve high and bright success

(h) Reflecting and developing his own ‘self’

Answer:

‘Activities the poet will practice’

(a) Walking along the road though he does not know where it reaches

(e) Carrying the fond memories of the good people

(g) Striving to achieve high and bright success

(h) Reflecting and developing his own ‘self’

‘Activities he will not practice’.

(b) Complaining about the discomforts during the journey

(c) Postponing the journey

(d) Praying for good fortune

(f) Creating contacts with famous and influential people


(ii) Write down the traits the poet exhibit through following lines. One is done for you.

(a) Henceforth, I ask for no good fortune-I myself am good fortune :

Self-confidence

(b) Henceforth, I whimper no more, postpone no more, need nothing- Positive and self-reliant, Active, 

(c) I do not want the constellations any nearer-

Independent and self-assured

(d) I swear it is impossible for me to get rid of them-

Clear thinking and knowing his mind

(e) I am filled with them – I will fill them in return-

Awareness and honesty


Answer:

The poet considers himself as healthy and free to set out his life's journey. He is so strong that he can easily face the problems or challenges on the way. He has positive and hopeful attitude.

Other meaning- World is free means ,the concept of democracy.

(A3) The poet has used many describing words such as 'healthy' in this poem.

Make a list and classify them as -

Answer:

(a) For the world: sufficient

(b) For himself: light hearted, healthy, free, strong, content, good fortune

(c) For the road: open, long brown path


(A4) (i) Read the expression ‘old delicious burdens.’ 
A burden cannot be delicious. The poet has used this combination of words to express that he has many sweet memories of the people and places which he would like to remember forever. The poet has used seemingly contradictory expressions to convey the meaning that his heart is full of sweet memories of good and kind people. Though he wants to be free from any type of attachment, he wants to cherish these sweet memories in his heart forever.

The expression contains opposite ideas that make it seem absurd or 

unlikely, although it may be true. This is called ‘Paradox.’


(ii) The road in the poem does not mean only the road to travel. The poet wants to suggest the road of life. Explain the metaphor with the help of the poem.

Answer:

The road to travel here, metaphorical meaning is,journey of life. Life is a long journey. In our life we have our family and friends. We don't know what will happen in future. We have both pleasant and sad situations in our life. We have to work hard ,face any kind of  challenging situations and find success. The life is going on. So we should be strong enough to lead the life.


(iii) Free Verse: Free Verse is a poetry that does not rhyme or have a regular rhythm. The features of Free Verse are- 

 It is a literary device that is free from limitations of regular meter or rhythm, does not rhyme with fixed forms, and still it provides an artistic expression. In this way, the poet can give his own shape to a poem as he desires and can use various poetic devices to create the effect he considers suitable for the piece.

 As Free Verse gives greater freedom for choosing words and conveying their meanings to readers, it is free from artificiality of a typical poetic expression. This technique is commonly used in modern poetry.

Remember -

(a) Although Free Verse requires no metre, rhyme or other traditional poetic techniques, it is the use of internal pattern of sounds, the choice of exact words and their chosen places are the factors which attribute the Free Verse, its lyrical or rhythmic beauty.

 (b) Free Verse is completely different  from ‘Blank Verse’ which essentially has to occur in iambic pentameter. Blank verse is poetry written with regular metrical but unrhymed lines. It is described as 'the most common' form of English poetry which has been influential since the 16th century.

(iv) There are certain words that are repeated in the poem. 

 For example, ‘no more’ (Line 7). 

 Find out other similar expressions. Explain the effect they have created in the poem. 

Answer: 

Open road: 

line 1 &7. Indicates the path in life is open wide for the poet./ Person to make any choice he wants


Before me:

 looking at the road ahead, future life

Henceforth I: 

4,5 the poet conveys- from that point onwards- he had decided to do or not do certain things.

Good fortune:

 good fortune or destiny is not external. It is within one's power

I know:

line 11,12- this  his full awareness

I carry: 12,13- indicates the weight of burdens though they may be delicious. 

They are: line 10- constellation or powerful people, belongs where they are.

(v) The use of personal pronoun 'I' is evident and prominent in this poem. 

Give reasons.

The repetition of I shows that the poet is confident and able to take his life forward without support. He is sure that he doesn't need luck or well wishes of friends. He is confident to his own capabilities.


(A5) (i) With the help of the following points, write a poetic appreciation of the poem ‘Song of the Open Road’.


• About the poem / poet and the title: The poem is written by an American poet ,Walt Whitman, the father of free verse,  ‘The song of the open road’ is about optimism and confidence. The title of the poem indicates that there are opportunities open for everyone and we are free to choose any work to do. The open road here is about freedom, it's song of freedom.

Theme :

 Liberty (freedom) is the major theme of the poem. The poet tries to encourage the readers to enjoy their life in freedom to lead to their goals with their work as they wish like a civilized citizen. Optimism is also the theme of the poem where he asks the readers to work without giving attention towards the critics. He also asks the readers to remain away from destiny (fate). He asks the readers that they are the owner of their destiny.  He tells the readers to be independent and work for their future.

Poetic style: The poem is written in the form of free verse. There is no rhyme scheme.

It is one of the best examples of dramatic monologue.

Poetic devices:

 metaphor, alliteration, repetition, paradox are the figures of speech used in the poem. 

Special feature:

Easy to understand. Simplicity is the major feature of this poem that readers can easily understand the message of the poet. Meaning of life in simple words which makes the poem special.

moral/ message:

Everyone should always respect the freedom of others and welcome our freedom with whole heart.

We should always believe in ourselves.

Try to be independent

Your opinion: 

In my opinion the poem is a motivational poem. It encourages us to work for our future without expecting anyone's support or fate. We are free to choose our own dream. We should welcome the opportunities in our life.


(ii) Write four to six lines of Free Verse on the topic ‘The road that leads tomy college’. Express that it is the road to knowledge and bright future.

You may begin like this: 

Every day I tread with the bag of books …

With the hope or dream

I promise myself I am ready for tomorrow

Will achieve any how the decided goal

It's my strong desire and firm determination.


(iii) Write a blog on the following topic.

(a) Man is free by birth.


The great philosopher Rousseau had quoted a statement,  'man has been born free'. He is free to do the things whatever he wishes at his childhood. No one restricts him to do so. As he grows up certain limitations are forced on him. But these limitations are acceptable for him. These limitations are good in favour of social cohesion. But when other restrictions   someone forces, suppress his freedom. 

As the child grows his freedom is taken away from its parents. They always guide their children, what to do or what should not do. The feelings of the children and their likes and dislikes are not counted. They become bound to follow the flow of others. 

They also lose their own dreams to fulfill parents dreams. They lose their freedom and tie them in the restrictions of those liked by their people. They look as they are free but mentally they are not free. If they will happy with their work,they enjoy their freedom. 

I would like to support the freedom of the children. But the freedom of making life not of destroying it. What do you think?


(iv) Expand the ideas suggested in the following lines:

(a) All roads lead to Rome.

Ans:  It's true that during the Roman Empire, the road system was built in such a way ,a person could take any road,he would reach Rome. 

There are different ways of living life. Or different methods to get success in life , if their results would be the same then what matters. 

For example people worship to the different God, but there is only one almighty. Their prayers go to the One only. In the time of problems many people come together and try to find solutions. Their methods would be different but their intention is the  same.

The team work is great one. They work together in one place ,even they are totally different from each other. 


(b) A man without liberty is a body without a soul.

Answer: 

The freedom of thinking and freedom of expression is the most important freedom. The physical freedom means freedom of movement. But if mind is not free then it's not freedom in true sense 

Those who enjoyed freedom of expression during freedom struggle were sent behind the bar. But they themselves proved the freedom of mind is necessary for changing the society into ideal one. The freedom fighters taught us to fight for our own freedom. They thought freely ,hence they knew the colonialism,and they awaken others minds get united to fight. Thus we became free from the foreign government. 

The peace of mind is more important than the peace outside. For that everyone should have liberty, because without liberty,the body is without soul.


(A6) (i) Take help from the sources available on the internet and make a list of proverbs and quotations about ‘road.’

Answer: 

Short is the road that leads from fear to hatred. ...

The wind sweeps the road clean. ...

It is a long road that has no turning. ...

There are a thousand roads to every wrong.

If you want to travel fast use the old roads. ...



(ii) Read the poem ‘The Road Not Taken’ by Robert Frost.:


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